Plant database for medium/difficult growers

Discussion in 'Aquatic plants' started by Zoom, Jun 18, 2010.

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  1. Zoom

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    Aponogeton boivinianus
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    Aponogeton boivinianus is a large, strong plant which is only suitable for large aquariums. In favourable conditions it can form very large leaves (up to 80 cm long and 8 cm wide). The oldest leaves are deep dark-green, while younger leaves are light-green and sometimes brownish until they are fully developed. In the wild Aponogeton boivinianus is found in fast-flowing water, and it prefers some flow in the aquarium water. It needs a dormant period when the root does not produce leaves.
    Family: Aponogetonaceae
    Origin: Madagascar
    Height: 30 cm - 60 cm
    Width: 20 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8
    Information courtest of www.tropica.com


    Aponogeton crispus
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    Aponogeton crispus looks good in any aquarium with its light-green, transparent leaves. It makes few demands, although growth is always best in soft, slightly acidic water with a nutritious bottom. In such conditions the plant produces a mass of leaves, and it flowers very frequently in optimum conditions. Aponogeton crispus is generally found in ponds that are only filled with water in the rainy season, but it does not need a dormant period in the aquarium.
    Family: Aponogetonaceae
    Origin: Sri Lanka
    Height: 25 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 15 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Aponogeton longiplumulosus
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    Aponogeton longiplumulosus has large, fluted leaves, making it a wonderful plant which can be recommended for large aquariums. It is relatively undemanding, and makes no special demands on water quality. It also flowers frequently, making it a beautiful addition to any large open aquarium. It stops growing at regular intervals, but normally starts again after a few weeks of dormancy.
    Family: Aponogetonaceae
    Origin: Madagascar
    Height: 35 cm - 60 cm
    Width: 25 cm - 50 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Aponogeton madagascariensis
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    Aponogeton madagascariensis is a speciality in botanical gardens all over the world. Aponogeton madagascariensis makes such high demands on water quality and the bottom that it can only be recommended as a solitary plant in large, specialised aquariums in which the water is replaced frequently. There are several varieties, with different structures and leaf widths.
    Family: Aponogetonaceae
    Origin: Madagascar
    Height: 25 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 25 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Aponogeton ulvaceus
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    Aponogeton ulvaceus is one of the most beautiful species in the Aponogeton-family. The leaves are delicate light-green and transparent with fluted margin. A single root can produce more than 40 leaves. This means that the plant is best as a solitary plant in large aquariums. It is relatively tolerant, and thrives in both soft and hard water, particularly if CO2 is added. There are many varieties of Aponogeton ulvaceus, some of which need a dormant period when the root does not produce leaves.
    Family: Aponogetonaceae
    Origin: Madagascar
    Height: 30 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 30 cm - 35 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtest of www.tropica.com


    Bolbitis heudelotii
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    A water fern with very beautiful transparent green leaves. When planting do not cover the rhizome because it will rot, and it is best to plant Bolbitis heudelotii on a root or stone. Keep the plant in position with fishing line until it has gained a hold. Easy to propagate by splitting the horizontal rhizome. Growth can be increased considerably by supplying CO2, and is only optimal in soft, slightly acidic water.
    Family: Lomariopsidaceae
    Origin: West Africa
    Height: 15 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 15 cm - 25 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com
     
    Last edited: Jun 18, 2010
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  3. OP
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    Crinum calamistratum
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    Crinum calamistratum is a very graceful bulbous plant with dark-green, very narrow leaves. It forms smaller bulbs than the other Crinum-species, and demands more light. In the aquarium plants that are thriving form a number of small bulbs. It is not eaten by herbivorous fish. It can also be used in brackish aquariums with low salt concentrations.
    Family: Amaryllidaceae
    Origin: West Africa
    Height: 40 cm - 120 cm
    Width: 20 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Crinum natans
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    Crinum natans is a very beautiful and graceful bulbous plant with dark-green leaves. Plant so the top 2/3 of the bulb is visible. When the plant grows older (if it is thriving) it sometimes forms small bulbs and sends a flower stem up to the water surface with a beautiful and aromatic lily flower. The plant varies considerably in leaf width and the shape of the leaf margin. It is also suitable for indoor ponds, and is not eaten by herbivorous fish.
    Family: Amaryllidaceae
    Origin: West Africa
    Height: 50 cm - 150 cm
    Width: 20 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Cryptocoryne parva
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    Cryptocoryne parva is the smallest of all Cryptocorynes. It is one of the few species that does not significantly change its leaf shape and colour depending on cultivation conditions. It needs more light than most other Cryptocorynes because it almost loses its leaf blade under water. So it must never be overshadowed by other plants. Individual plants should be planted a few centimetres apart, and after about six months they will form a cohesive low group of plants. Recommended for foreground planting.
    Family: Araceae
    Origin: Sri Lanka
    Height: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 7 cm
    Temperature: 29 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Cyperus helferi
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    Cyperus-species are widespread all over the tropics, but only a few of them are good underwater plants. Cyperus helferi is the first Cyperus-species used in aquariums. It requires a relatively large amount of light, and CO2 addition is recommended to promote growth. In aquariums with good water flow the plant sways beautifully in the current.
    Family: Cyperaceae
    Origin: Thailand
    Height: 20 cm - 35 cm
    Width: 15 cm - 25 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Echinodorus 'Aquartica'
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    Characteristic of Echinodorus 'Aquartica' are its round, bright green leaves. Its compact, low habit makes it suitable as a decorative solitary plant. Slow growing and easy to care for, Echinodorus 'Aquartica' retains the refreshing green colour of its leaves in normal lighting and nutrient conditions in the aquarium. The plant is a cross between several different cultivated plants, including Echinodorus horemanii and several round-leafed Echinodorus species. Echinodorus 'Aquartica' was developed by Kristian Iversen from the "Aquartica'' company.
    Family: Alismataceae
    Origin: Cultivar
    Height: 10 cm - 20 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 20 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 6.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Echinodorus macrophyllus
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    Echinodorus macrophyllus is one of the large, orbiculate "sword'' plants which grow up out of even large aquariums in good growing conditions. If light is available less than 11 hours a day it is easier to keep down inside the aquarium. It is suitable for open aquariums, where it forms decorative heart-shaped leaves above the water surface. It is a good idea to spray the plant to prevent it drying out. It used to be sold as Echinodorus "radicans''.
    Family: Alismataceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 30 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 20 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Echinodorus palaefolius var. latifolius
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    In marshy conditions Echinodorus palaefolius var. latifolius has round leaves with a horizontal leaf base. Under water the leaves are narrower and longer. In the aquarium it tends to grow out of the water. This can be prevented by removing the long leaves just before they reach the water surface. The next leaves will then become shorter and the plant will remain under water. In open aquariums the plant can be allowed to grow out of the water, but the leaf margins often dry out if air humidity is low.
    Family: Alismataceae
    Origin: Brazil
    Height: 20 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 20 cm - 40 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Echinodorus quadricostatus
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    This plant has characteristic light-green leaves which form a good contrast to the darker aquarium plants. It is most beautiful when planted in groups. In good conditions it produces runners which spread over the bottom. Very light leaves are a sign of a shortage of micro-nutrients. There is some confusion about the name of this plant, and it has been sold as Echinodorus bolivianus var. magdalenensis.
    Family: Alismataceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Width: 15 cm - 20 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Echinodorus 'Red Diamond'
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    Echinodorus 'Red Diamond' appeared as a culture in the Ukraine, and is probably a cross between Echinodorus horemanni 'Red' and Echinodorus x barthii. The resultant hybrid is an attractive plant with ruby-red sword-shaped leaves. Unlike many of the other Echinodorus-species, Echinodorus 'Red Diamond' remains moderate in size, so it is extremely well suited as a solitary plant, even in small aquariums. Increasing the nutrients in the substrate results in more abundant growth, while favourable light conditions promote the formation of the ruby-red leaves.
    Family: Alismataceae
    Origin: Cultivar
    Height: 15 cm - 25 cm
    Width: 20 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Echinodorus 'Vesuvius'
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    The narrow and twisted green leaves makes it an unusual addition to the Echinodorus. It grows vigorously with many medium length and narrow leaves, and is highly decorative as a solitary plant. 'Vesuvius' spreads readily with runners. An easy and undemanding plant that requires medium to high light conditions.
    Family: Alismataceae
    Origin: Cultivar
    Height: 10 cm - 20 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com
     
    Last edited: Jun 18, 2010
  4. OP
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    Hygrophila corymbosa ''Compact''
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    A very compact variety of Hygrophila corymbosa, with the leaves set close to the stalk. Forms numerous side shoots, enhancing the compact appearance. The leaves are a dark brownish green when the plant is delivered, but after a transitional period in the aquarium they turn light green and silver-white on the underside. In strong light the newest leaves are reddish brown in colour and in time the oldest ones die away - especially in dimmer light. New side shoots form often, to replace the old.
    Family: Acanthaceae
    Origin: Cultivar
    Height: 5 cm - 15 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Hygrophila pinnatifida
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    Hygrophila pinnatifida originates from India. It obtains brown, patched leaves on the surface with a distinctive burgundy colour underneath. It creates horizontal side shoots and the top shoots should be pinched out in order to maintain compact and attractive growth. The horizontal side shoots easily attach to both wood and rocks. Growth is moderate and the colour is attractive when planted in small groups with a plain background. Intense lighting ensures compact growth due to the plant's slow to medium growth rate.
    Family: Acanthaceae
    Origin: India
    Height: 15 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 15 cm - 30 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Juncus repens
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    Juncus repens is widespread in shallow water and along the banks of ponds and lakes in North America. In an aquarium Juncus repens is decorative and distinguishes itself from other aquatic plants. If it grows under water, Juncus repens forms leaves in rings, and, depending on its growth conditions, it often develops a thick, bushy habit. The leaves are normally light green, but in good light the underwater form of Juncus repens most frequently becomes reddish. New shoots form willingly from the nodes, so Juncus repens is easy to propagate.
    Family: Juncaceae
    Origin: USA
    Height: 7 cm - 30 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 7 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Lilaeopsis brasiliensis
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    Lilaeopsis brasiliensis can grow very compact, but a "lawn effect'' is only achieved at high light intensity. When planting in the aquarium small clumps (approx. 1/8 pot) should be placed a few centimetres apart to help the plants grow together more quickly. Place in an open position without shading from other plants to ensure good light. Lilaeopsis brasiliensis can be used in garden ponds, and also tolerates low salt concentrations in brackish aquariums.
    Family: Apiaceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 4 cm - 7 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Lilaeopsis mauritiana
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    This Lilaeopsis species demands less light than Lilaeopsis brasiliensis. Tropica's founder, Holger Windeløv, found it on Mauritius in 1992. The plants height and distance between its leaves depend on the light intensity. The more light it gets, the lower the plant and the denser the leaves. The runners spread round the aquarium. Should be planted like Lilaeopsis brasiliensis.
    Family: Apiaceae
    Origin: Mauritius
    Height: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Limnophila aquatica
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    An extremely beautiful aquarium plant circled by light-green and finely branched leaves. In the right growing conditions with added CO2 and a nutritious bottom this plant grows fast. In good light it forms horizontal side shoots and becomes attractive and bushy. Most decorative when several stems are planted in a small group. In open aquariums it sometimes sends shoots above the water surface, forming small blue flowers.
    Family: Scrophulariaceae
    Origin: South-east Asia
    Height: 25 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 15 cm - 20 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Informtaion courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Lobelia cardinalis
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    In the nursery this plant is cultivated in marshy conditions, forming dark-green leaves which are purple underneath. In aquariums the leaves turn a beautiful shade of light-green. It needs intensive light to thrive. Widely used in Dutch aquariums in so-called "plant streets''. In open aquariums it grows above the water surface, where it forms very beautiful scarlet flowers and the leaves regain their colour. Can be used in garden ponds.
    Family: Lobeliaceae
    Origin: North America
    Height: 20 cm - 30 cm
    Width: 7 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com
     
  5. OP
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    Ludwigia arcuata
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    This is a narrow-leafed Ludwigia species, so it is often mistaken for Didiplis diandra. It requires a relatively large amount of light before forming a red stem and red leaves, and thrives best in slightly acidic, soft/medium hard water. The most decorative effect can be achieved by planting it in groups. It is suitable for small aquariums, and can also be used as a terrarium plant.
    Family: Onagraceae
    Origin: USA
    Height: 25 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 3 cm - 5 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Micranthemum umbrosum
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    Micranthemum umbrosum is a beautiful plant with small round leaves. It is suitable for small or large aquariums. Relatively demanding in terms of light. CO2 addition is recommended to promote growth. Once the plant starts growing it grows fast, and the shoots have to be pinched out often (can be planted as cuttings in the bottom). Most beautiful in groups of many stems.
    Family: Scrophulariaceae
    Origin: USA
    Height: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Monosolenium tenerum
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    Monosolenium tenerum is an attractive liverwort, which looks most like a giant Riccia that simply stays at the bottom, where it forms cushions. It is a brittle plant, and pieces break off easily, so it is best to place it in the aquarium attached to stones with fishing line or in small clumps among other plants such as Eleocharis. Once Monosolenium has established itself, it is very undemanding. This plant is mistakenly known as Pellia.
    Family: Monoseleniaceae
    Origin: Asia
    Height: 2 cm - 5 cm
    Width: 3 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Myriophyllum mattogrossense
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    Myriophyllum matogrossense originates from Matto Grosso in the Rio Amazonas, Brazil. It has decorative and feather-like, reddish stems and finely divided bright green leaves. In good light conditions the leaves spread out in a fan shape. Myriophyllum is relatively easy and is suitable for the background. It needs to be pruned frequently to maintain its bushy form. It is fast growing and requires a good deal of nutrition. A good starter plant.
    Family: Haloragaceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 30 cm - 60 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Myriophyllum mezianum
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    Myriophyllum mezianum has finely dissected light green leaves with reddish apical shoots and it grows significantly slower than the already known species of Myriophyllum. It was found on Madagascar where it formed dense stands in shallow water. During planting, the individual shoots should be placed few centimetres apart in small groups in the middle ground of the aquarium. Myriophyllum mezianum requires both high light and CO2 injection to obtain the best possible result and, in addition, the plant is also nutrient requiring.
    Family: Haloragaceae
    Origin: Madagascar
    Height: 5 cm - 30 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Nesaea crassicaulis
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    Nesaea crassicaulis is a beautiful and highly recommended aquarium plant, although it has high demands for light. It has red-brown, cognac-coloured leaves. Grows best in soft and slightly acidic water. Make sure the lower leaves get sufficient light, otherwise they will die off. This plant is similar to Ammannia species and is often mistaken for them. But in the aquarium it can be recognised by its yellow-green stems. Easy to propagate by side shoots or cuttings, which can be cut off and planted in the bottom.
    Family: Lythraceae
    Origin: Africa
    Height: 30 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 8 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Nesaea pedicellata
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    Nesaea pedicellata is an attractive, decorative and easy stem plant. Leaf colours range from green to yellow and orange and reddish shades depending on growth conditions in the aquarium. The stems keep their intense red colouring, something that can also be seen when the plant is grown in a swamp. Compared with Nesaea crassicaulis, Nesaea pedicellata has narrower leaves and its colours are warmer. We recommend planting Nesaea in the mid-ground of the aquarium as a contrast to the tall green background plants.
    Family: Lythraceae
    Origin: Africa
    Height: 20 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 20 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Nymphaea lotus (zenkeri)
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    A beautiful and very varied species with leaves of green to red-brown and varying numbers of purple spots. Before forming floating leaves Nymphaea lotus (zenkeri) forms many underwater leaves. If you don't want floating leaves, prune the roots and leaves. The beautiful, aromatic flowers can be fully appreciated in open aquariums. A nutritious bottom encourages growth. Often available in a red and a green variety. Recommended as a solitary plant for large aquariums.
    Family: Nymphaeaceae
    Origin: West Africa
    Height: 20 cm - 80 cm
    Width: 25 cm - 60 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Pogostemon erectus
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    The Indian Pogostemon erectus forms compact groups of bright green, conifer-like stems. Pogostemon erectus is suitable as a background plant and creates a wonderful focal point in both smaller and larger groups. Intense light helps the plant to stay compact for a longer period. Moderate growth and vigorous roots.
    Family: Lamiaceae
    Origin: India
    Height: 15 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Pogostemon helferi
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    This plant was discovered by aquarists in Thailand, close to the border with Burma. It is called 'Daonoi' (little star) in Thailand, and it is easy to see why. Pogostemon helferi is an unusual and distinctive aquatic plant with a compact habit, curly leaves and a strikingly beautiful green colour. With good light conditions and a substrate rich in nutrients Pogostemon helferi forms many side shoots, which develop small roots, and the plant rapidly forms an impressive carpet of foreground vegetation.
    Family: Lamiaceae
    Origin: Thailand
    Height: 2 cm - 10 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Samolus valerand
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    In favourable light and nutrition conditions Samolus valerandi is a very beautiful foreground plant in the aquarium. It normally grows in marshes, and often takes time to adapt to life under water and start growing. If light conditions are good and the bottom is nutritious, the plant will do well. Samolus valerandi is also suitable as a pond or terrarium plant, as well as an indoor plant if placed in a north-facing window.
    Family: Primulaceae
    Origin: America
    Height: 6 cm - 12 cm
    Width: 6 cm - 12 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Shinnersia rivularis 'Weiss-Grün'
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    Variety of Shinnersia rivularis, distinguished by the white veins on the leaves. This colour mutation was discovered at the Dennerle aquarium plant nursery. The plant grows rapidly and soon reaches the water surface, but shoots can simply be pinched off and planted back on the bottom.
    Family: Asteraceae
    Origin: Cultivar
    Height: 10 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 20 cm
    Temperature: 30 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Vallisneria americana ''mini twister''
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    Vallisneria americana "mini twister'' is yet another graceful variety of Vallisneria americana. "mini twister'' develops short, attractively twisted leaves, and can thus be placed between foreground and background plants. "mini twister'' is easy to grow and thrives even in less intensive light and without addition of CO2 to the water.
    Family: Hydrocharitaceae
    Origin: South-east Asia
    Height: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 6 - 8.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Vesicularia dubyana 'Christmas'
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    A special moss originally seen in Japanese aquariums and known as "Amazonia Willow Moss''. Also called "Christmas tree moss'', because of its side branch structure which distinguishes it from ordinary Vesicularia dubyana and looks like fir tree branches. It is more demanding than ordinary Java moss and grows more slowly. It attaches readily to roots and stones, and as it spreads in the water it needs pruning to keep its shape attractive. See also Taxiphyllum barbieri.
    Family: Hypnaceae
    Origin: Brazil
    Height: 1 cm - 3 cm
    Width: 3 cm - 5 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Vesicularia ferriei 'Weeping'
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    Vesicularia ferriei 'Weeping', commonly known as Weeping Moss, is believed to originate from China and has been distributed by Oriental Aquarium Plants. 'Weeping' is a fleshy, hanging moss with teardrop-like bright green shoots. It is best attached to driftwood or roots, as its drooping growth pattern helps to create depth and contrast in the aquarium. 'Weeping' has low demands, is fast growing and should be pruned frequently with scissors to maintain an attractive shape.
    Family: Hypnaceae
    Origin: Asia
    Height: 1 cm - 3 cm
    Width: 3 cm - 5 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com
     
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    The following plants are considered as high tech plants, and care should be taken to meet their requirements

    Alternanthera reineckii 'Pink' (roseafolia)
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    The purple colour underneath Alternanthera reineckii 'Pink' leaves provides an effective contrast to the many green plants in an aquarium - particularly when planted in groups. Good light encourages the leaves to turn red. Easy to propagate by nipping off the terminal bud and planting it in the bottom. This also makes the mother plant more bushy, because more side shoots are formed.
    Family: Amaranthaceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 25 cm - 50 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Alternanthera reineckii 'Purple' (lilacina)
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    Alternanthera reineckii 'Purple' needs plenty of light to grow and form dark-red leaves. In open aquariums it grows willingly up through the surface, and like other difficult plants growth improves considerably if CO2 is added. Shortage of micronutrients results in pale leaves. Like other stem plants Alternanthera reineckii 'Purple' is best in groups.
    Family: Amaranthaceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 15 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Didiplis diandra
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    Didiplis diandra is a fine foreground plant which should be planted in small groups. In good light it develops red shoot tips which form a beautiful contrast with other green plants. A demanding plant which needs a lot of light and prefers soft water. CO2 addition boosts growth considerably. Also known as Peplis diandra.
    Facts
    Family: Lythraceae
    Origin: North America
    Height: 10 cm - 15 cm
    Width: 2 cm - 4 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Glossostigma elatinoides
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    Glossostigma elatinoides is much in demand in Japanese-inspired aquariums. It is one of the smallest aquarium plants, and thus a good foreground plant. A difficult plant demanding a lot of light. Grows upwards if light is poor. Make sure larger plants do not overshadow it. When planting in the aquarium small clumps (approx. 1/8 pot) should be placed at intervals of a few centimetres to help the plants grow together more quickly. CO2 addition and soft water promote growth significantly.
    Family: Scrophulariaceae
    Origin: New Zealand
    Height: 2 cm - 3 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Hemianthus callitrichoides ''Cuba''
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    Hemianthus callitrichoides is one of the smallest aquarium plants in the world, and creeps over the bottom with millimetre-sized round leaves. If planted in small clumps a few centimetres apart, it will spread rapidly and cover the bottom like a carpet. Hemianthus callitrichoides is an attractive foreground plant for small aquariums. Found on Cuba west of Havana.
    Family: Scrophulariaceae
    Origin: Cuba
    Height: 0.5 cm - 3 cm
    Width: 3 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Hemianthus micranthemoides
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    Hemianthus micranthemoides is a graceful plant whose small, arched leaves make it look like a miniature version of Egeria. It has a characteristic trailing growth in intensive light, so it can be used as a foreground plant. A compact group of Hemianthus micranthemoides is very beautiful with its small, light-green leaves. In terrariums the plant forms a compact cushion. Used to be called Micranthemum micranthemoides.
    Family: Scrophulariaceae
    Origin: North America
    Height: 5 cm - 15 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Hydrocotyle verticillata
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    Unlike other Hydrocotyle species, this plant retains its trailing growth form. Optimum growth is only achieved in strong light and soft, slightly acidic water. It does not need to be rooted, but can be used as a floating plant. Hydrocotyle verticillata is definitely a foreground plant which can also be used in garden ponds. It can also be used as an indoor plant if the soil is kept moist.
    Family: Apiaceae
    Origin: America
    Height: 3 cm - 7 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 26 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Phyllanthus fluitans
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    This plant belongs to the spurge family, which actually consists primarily of desert plants. But over thousands of years Phyllanthus fluitans has adapted to an entirely different environment. Like other floating plants it is most suitable for open aquariums, where it develops beautiful red leaves at high light intensities. If growth is good the plant needs thinning to prevent it overshadowing plants on the bottom.
    Family: Euphorbiaceae
    Origin: South America
    Height: 1 cm - 2 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 31 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Pogostemon stellata (Eusteralis)
    [​IMG][​IMG]
    Pogostemon stellata is distinguished by its beautiful shape and colour. It is difficult to grow in aquariums. It requires intensive light and the addition of CO2 to grow well. The shortage of micro-nutrients leads to pale leaves, which may be an indication that the aquarium needs fertiliser. Even in good conditions growth sometimes stops suddenly. Plants in aquarium shops are generally low, compact plants grown in marshy conditions, and do not reveal their full glory until planted in the aquarium.
    Family: Lamiaceae
    Origin: Asia
    Height: 15 cm - 25 cm
    Width: 10 cm - 20 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 8
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Proserpinaca palustris ''Cuba''
    [​IMG][​IMG]
    Cultivated above water and delivered with saw-toothed leaves, which after a transitional period in the aquarium develop into long, finely denticulated, needle-like leaves. In good light conditions it turns a beautiful copper colour and its characteristic appearance is a pleasing contrast to the other plants. Proserpinaca palustris varies in form according to its origin. The Tropica cultivar is found on the Isla de la Juventud off Cuba. In the USA the plant is commonly known as "mermaid weed''.
    Family: Haloragaceae
    Origin: Cuba
    Height: 10 cm - 40 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 15 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7.5
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Rotala wallichii
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    Rotala wallichii is a demanding plant that develops red shoot tips in good light conditions. The most decorative effect can be achieved by planting a large number of stems in a group. Rotala wallichii is a good foreground plant, and suitable for small aquariums because it is easy to prune if it grows too large. CO2 addition boosts growth considerably. It also prefers soft, slightly acidic water.
    Family: Lythraceae
    Origin: South-east Asia
    Height: 10 cm - 30 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5 - 7
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


    Utricularia graminifolia
    [​IMG][​IMG]
    Utricularia graminifolia belongs to the bladderwort family. All the plants in this family are insect eating, perennial water and marsh plants. Bladder traps are a unique feature of this family, which Utricularia graminifolia forms after a short period of time in the aquarium. The species name means 'with grass like leaves' and the fresh green leaves after a short period of time form a pretty mat which looks like a lawn. Utricularia graminifolia is therefore an ideal foreground plant.
    Family: Lentibulariaceae
    Origin: Asia
    Height: 2 cm - 8 cm
    Width: 5 cm - 10 cm
    Temperature: 28 - ° C
    pH: 5.5 - 7
    Information courtesy of www.tropica.com


     

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